About Dementia

What is Dementia

Dementia is the term used to describe the symptoms of a large group of illnesses which cause a progressive decline in a person’s mental functioning. It is a broad term which describes a loss of memory, intellect, rationality, social skills, inability to do everyday things, difficulty in communication, confusion, frustration, as well as personality and behaviour changes.  The symptoms generally get progressively more severe with time.

The most common types of dementia are:

  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Vascular dementia (also known as multi-infarct dementia)
  • Lewy body dementia
  • Alcohol-Induced dementia
  • Fronto-temporal dementia (also known as Picks disease)

Key Figures:

  • At present two thirds of people with dementia live at home in the community with a third living in a care home.

  • Family carers save the UK over £6 billion a year.

  • In 2017 in the London Borough of Ealing there were an estimated 2,500 people with late onset dementia.
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